Costa Rica, the "rich coast" is regarded worldwide as the most advanced and most stable country in the region and is also known as "the Switzerland of Central America".

 

The army was abolished in the 1950s for the benefit of development of education and health programs. The country generates more than 90% of its energy needs from renewable sources and ecotourism is strongly encouraged.

 

Around 27% of its land area is under protection. There are more than 160 protected areas such as biological reserves, national parks and nature reserves and 26 national parks distributed over the whole country - e.g. Cerro Chirripó, the highest mountain in Costa Rica (3,820 meters), the evergreen fog and rain forests of the volcanoes and the beaches where six of the eight world's marine turtle species lay their eggs.

 

Due to its location between 8 ° and 11 ° north latitude Costa Rica is in the tropics. However, the climatic conditions change depending on the region:

 

The Pacific Coast has two seasons: a rainy season from May to November and a dry season with very little precipitation.

 

On the Caribbean coast, however, we find a a humid climate with rainfall in all seasons, because winds are mainly coming from Northeast, where they pick up moisture over the Caribbean Sea.

 

The temperatures vary - except in the mountains - between 18-20 degrees at night and 30-35 degrees during the day.